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Optimal Design of Controller for Automatic Generation Control in Multi Area Restructured Power System with Battery Energy Storage and Wind Energy Systems
 
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1
Graduate Student of Electrical Engineering-Smart Grid, Politecnico Di Milano, Milan, Italy
2
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, B.S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, India
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Ashfaq Ur Rehman Mohamed Riazuddin   

Graduate Student of Electrical Engineering-Smart Grid, Politecnico Di Milano, Milan, Italy
 
 
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ABSTRACT
In this journal, an attempt to introduce distributed generation units has been made to analyse its impact on the frequency control in restructured power system replicating the real energy market scenario. Introduction of wind generation system and BESS ( Battery Energy Storage System) into the restructured power system along with non-reheat thermal power generating plants is the main objective in order to diversify the generating capacity. The proposed restructured Power system is regulated with proportional Integral Derivative (PID) and Fractional Order Proportional Integral Derivative (FOPID) Controllers. To reduce The Integral Square error (ISE), the controller gains are derived using the Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Moth Flame Algorithm (MFO). For the unilateral and bilateral market structures of the system, the frequency deviations in both areas, tie-line power variations are analysed and performance attributes are compared. Using PID and FOPID controllers, the efficacy of wind and BESS is accessed for the proposed system.