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The Study of Correlation Between Acute Respiratory Infections and Oil Mills Pollution in Fez Rural (Morocco)
 
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1
Department of Biology-Geology, Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS), Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University (USMBA), Fez, Morocco
 
2
Biotechnology, Environment, Agri-Food and Health Laboratory (LBEAS), Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mehraz, USMBA, Fez, Morocco
 
3
Laboratory of Geosciences, Environment and Associated Resources (LGERA), Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mehraz, USMBA, Fez
 
4
Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences Meknès, Morocco Moulay Ismail University, BP11201 Zitoune,Meknès, Morocco
 
 
Corresponding author
Adil Essahale   

Department of Biology-Geology, Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS), Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University (USMBA), Fez, Morocco
 
 
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2024; 9
 
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ABSTRACT
In order to evaluate the impact of olive activities on the population health in Fez rural, which is affected by air pollution, a retrospective study of acute respiratory infections (ARI) and chronic was studied (about ten years) in the commune of Ain Taoujdate (30 km of Fez center), known by its strong pollution particularly that of the air caused by industrial activity. Method using was the examination of medical records from 2004 to 2015. Analyzing the evolution of respiratory infections at Ain Taoujdate, we noticed a remarkable and repetitive increase, during olive tree campaign and in the spring (in each year), following the air pollution in the commune and abundance of pollen (pollinosis). Very high cases of pneumopathies were recorded during the month of December 2004 and which reached 305 and 124 cases successively and which corresponds to the most important triturating activity during these twelve years of study. On the other hand the asthma crisis of Ain Taoujdate, shows a very large value in olive oil milling season. The main cause seems to be air pollution of Ain Taoujdate, since a large oil mill that releases a huge amount of fume is installed close to the population. Statistical analyzes using principal component analysis (PCA) and ascending hierarchical classification (HAC), were able to show an eventual correlation. This work excludes microbial infections; its limitation is the absence of air quality data and was the consequences to take stock of the impact of air pollution caused by oil mills on respiratory health
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