The River System Pollutant Migration in the Context of the Sudden One-Time Discharge with Consideration of the Bottom Sediments Influence (Case of Benzene Migration in the Stryi River, Ukraine)
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Lviv State University of Life Safety, Kleparivska St., 35, Lviv, 79007, Ukraine
17 State Fire and Rescue Department of the Main Directorate of the State Emergency Service of Ukraine in Ivano-Frankivsk Region (Dolyna Gas Processing Plant PJSC "Ukrnafta"), Pidvilche str., 63a, Dolyna, 77503, Ukraine
Technical School and the Institutions. S. Staszic, Wojska Polskiego, 9, Nowy Targ, 34-400, Poland
Vladyslav Shuryhin   

Lviv State University of Life Safety, Kleparivska St., 35, Lviv, 79007, Ukraine
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2023; 1:46–54
Basing on the mathematical model developed with the account of influence of bottom sediments, the parameters of benzene migration in the river caused by one-time discharge into the Stryi River were investigated,. The mathematical model of migration consists of two equations that describe the movement of pollutants in the river system, taking into account the flow rate, diffusion, sorption and desorption of the pollutant by the bottom sediments of the river. The parameters of benzene distribution in the "water-bottom sediments" system were experimentally determined under laboratory conditions. With the help of computer modeling, the temporal and spatial distributions of benzene in water and bottom sediments were obtained. The regularities of benzene concentration change depending on the composition of the bottom sediments of the river have been established. The dependencies can be extrapolated to other river systems and pollutants.