Application of Biologization Elements in Buckwheat Organic Cultivation Technology
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Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, 57 Shevchenko Street, Ivano-Frankivsk, 76018, Ukraine
Precarpathian State Agricultural Research Station of the Institute of Agriculture of the Carpathian Region, National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, 21a Stepan Bandera Street, Ivano-Frankivsk, 76014, Ukraine
Bila Tserkva National Agrarian University, 8/1, Soborna Square, Bila Tserkva, Kyiv region, Ukraine
National Scientific Agricultural Library of NAAS, 10, Heroiv Oborony str., Kyiv, 03127, Ukraine
Corresponding author
Uliana Karbivska   

Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University 57 Shevchenko Street, Ivano-Frankivsk, 76018, Ukraine
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2024; 5:235-242
The article examines the potential of buckwheat cultivation as an ecologically oriented crop, which, due to its biological and economic characteristics, can generate profits and contribute to improving the ecological state of production. Buckwheat, being a high-yielding and environmentally friendly crop, has the potential to become an important component of the agricultural sector. Currently, it may not yield as high as corn, sunflower, or soybeans, but buckwheat cultivation allows for profit generation that surpasses most other grain and legume crops, particularly when compared to winter wheat production. Due to its unique properties, buckwheat is valuable in many aspects: it can be used as a soil precursor and improver in agriculture, is an important source of honey, and contains many nutrients that can be utilized to create functional products with medicinal and health properties. The use of organic cultivation methods and the application of organic biostimulant fertilisers, such as “Vermimag”, can significantly improve the growth and development of buckwheat, increase its competitiveness, yield, and the economic efficiency of organic production. According to research results, the best conditions for the growth and development of plants, increasing branching and the number of inflorescences, fruit set, and productivity of buckwheat were achieved by combining buckwheat seed treatment with two-time spraying of crops with the organic fertilizer “Vermimag”. Variants where organic fertilizer was applied showed better development of buckwheat plants, increased branching, and ultimately increased buckwheat yield.
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