TECHNICAL STATE ASSESSMENT OF THE DRAINAGE FACILITIES IN THE ZAGOROW POLDER
Jerzy Bykowski 1  
,   Czesław Przybyła 1  
,   Michał Napierała 1  
,   Karol Mrozik 1  
,   Artur Pęciak 1
 
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Instytut Melioracji, Kształtowania Środowiska i Geodezji, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Poznaniu
Publication date: 2014-10-17
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2014; 39:42–50
 
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ABSTRACT
At this work the assessment of state of water drainage conditions and the needs of its maintenance was carried out, as the basis for rational water management in usage of agricultural of Zagorow polder area. Based on field research, it was found that the condition of the 80.8% of the length of canals and ditches, and 40.7% of hydraulic and communication structures is unacceptable and does not meet the accepted criteria. The main reason of such condition of drainage facilities is a long-term exploitation absence or insufficient maintenance work frequency. To restore the proper state of maintenance facilities, in most cases the routine operation is sufficient. Before to the work we should conduct a detailed analysis regarding the necessity of the equipment for the smooth functioning of the drainage system. The analysis should address the current needs of the drainage area taking into account the economic conditions and the needs of environmental protection. On the polders often characterized by large natural values it is recommended to apply the principles of reasonable compromise between maintaining adequate drainage facilities and state of conservation of the natural environment.