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SHIP HULL FOULING AS A MEANS OF MAKROZOOBENTHOS DISPERSAL
Joanna Cupak 1  
,   Monika Hałupka 1  
,   Piotr Gruszka 2  
 
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1
Zachodniopomorski Uniwersytet Technologiczny w Szczecinie, al. Piastów 17, 70-310 Szczecin
2
Instytut Morski w Gdańsku, Długi Targ 41/42, 80-830 Gdańsk
Publication date: 2014-10-17
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2014; 37:72–79
 
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ABSTRACT
Hulls of 9 boats operating in inland waterways and coastal Baltic waters along were examined for the presence of fouling organisms. A total of 23 animal taxa were recorded, 8 of them being alien species known to have been earlier introduced into the Baltic Sea basin. The most frequent taxa were: Amphibalanus improvisus, Chironomidae, Dreissena polymorpha, and Gammarus tigrinus. The fi ndings of this study clearly demonstrate the important role potentially played by small crafts in the introduction and spread of alien species not only in the River Odra estuary, but also in the coastal Baltic waters outside of the Odra plume.