The Journey of Establishing Groundwater Source Protection Zones in Kosovo on Example of Lipjan Municipality
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University of Prishtina “Hasan Prishtina” Faculty of Civil Engineering, 10000 Pristina, Kosovo
University of Mitrovica ”Isa Boletini” Mitrovica – Kosova Street Ukshin Kovaçica 40000 Mitrovica, Kosovo
Kosovo Environmental Protection Agency, Rilindja Building XV/04, Str. Luan Haradinaj, 1000 Prishtina, Kosovo
Dorsch International Consultants GmbH, Munich, Germany
Publication date: 2021-05-01
Corresponding author
Afrim Berisha   

Kosovo Environmental Protection Agency
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2021; 3:20-26
In the past decade, the Rural Water and Sanitation Support Program in Kosovo (RWSSP) funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) has significantly increased the access to public water supply of the rural population of Kosovo. Currently in Phase VI, the programme is supporting the regional water companies of Kosovo to protect the water resources used for public water supply. This article presents the programs phase VI output 2.5.1: improved water source protection. The programme started to support the first implementation of a ground water protection zone (locally called sanitary protection zone) in Kosovo according to laws and through a systematic process. This article describes the full process of establishing sanitary protection zones for public groundwater wells in Kosovo and reveals the technical and administrative challenges and lessons learned when doing so. The technical investigations require detailed surveys starting from geological, hydrogeological and morphological field work as well as monitoring of groundwater levels, realization of additional piezometers, calculation of hydrogeological parameters and several more. For the Lipjan well field, a hydrogeological computer model was established to understand groundwater flow and to delineate the three necessary groundwater source protection zones. The technical understanding further requires a pollution survey and water quality analysis.
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