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THE INFLUENCE OF SELECTED FACTORS ON THE LEACHING OF HEAVY METALS FROM SMELTER WASTE
Kamila Mizerna 1  
,   Anna Król 1  
 
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Katedra Inżynierii Środowiska, Wydział Mechaniczny, Politechnika Opolska, ul. St. Mikołajczyka 5, 45-271 Opole
Publication date: 2015-07-25
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2015; 43:1–6
 
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ABSTRACT
The paper presents the results of leaching research of selected heavy metals (Pb, Cu, Zn, Ni, Cd, Cr) from industrial waste. The impact of waste fragmentation on the level of heavy metals leaching was analyzed. The decrease of copper and zinc release and the increase of nickel leaching were observed with increasing grain size fraction of waste. Furthermore, release of contaminants in different ratio of liquid to solid (L/S = 10 dm3/kg and 2 dm3/kg) was studied. Higher concentrations of heavy metals were determined in ratio of L/S = 10 dm3/kg. In order to determine the risk of tested waste to the environment, the results were compared with the current law. This allowed the classification of the waste to hazardous waste.