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Oxalate Intercalated Mg/Cr Layered Double Hydroxide as Adsorbent of Methyl Red and Methyl Orange From Aqueous Solution
Arini Fousty Badri 1  
,   Novie Juleanti 2  
,   Neza Rahayu Palapa 1  
,   Yuliza Hanifah 3  
,   Risfidian Mohadi 2, 3  
,   Mardiyanto Mardiyanto 4  
,   Aldes Lesbani 1, 3  
 
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1
Graduate School of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Jl. Raya Palembang-Prabumulih, Km. 32, Ogan Ilir 30662, South Sumatra, Indonesia
2
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Jl. Raya Palembang Prambumulih Km. 32, Ogan Ilir 30662, South Sumatra, Indonesia
3
Research Center of Inorganic Materials and Complexes, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang 30139, Indonesia
4
Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Jl. Raya Palembang-Prabumulih, Km. 32, Ogan Ilir 30662, South Sumatra, Indonesia
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Aldes Lesbani   

Universitas Sriwijaya, Jl. Raya Palembang-Prabumulih, Km. 32, Ogan Ilir 30662, South Sumatra, Indonesia
Publication date: 2021-05-01
 
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2021; 3:71–81
 
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ABSTRACT
Mg/Cr layered double hydroxide (LDH) has been successfully synthesized by the coprecipitation method following with intercalation process using oxalate to form Mg/Cr-oxalate. The materials were characterized using XRD, BET, and FTIR and then applied as an adsorbent of anionic dyes i.e. methyl red (MR) and methyl orange (MO). MR and MO adsorption was studied through variations of adsorption time, concentration, temperature, desorption process, and adsorbent regeneration. XRD characterization results showed an increase in the interlayer distance from 7.62 Å to 11.35 Å after the intercalation process. The increase of interlayer space of Mg/Cr-oxalate is also equal with BET data which shows an increase in surface area from 21.511 m2/g to 49.270 m2/g. The kinetics and isotherm parameters of MR and MO adsorption using Mg/Cr LDH and Mg/Cr-oxalate showed the same results following the PFO kinetics model and Langmuir isotherm model with R2 close to one. Mg/Cr LDH has adsorption capacity for MR and MO up to 61.728 mg/g 54.645 mg/g, respectively. While the highest adsorption capacity is achieved by Mg/Cr-oxalate for MR adsorption at 81.235 mg/g and MO at 71.429 mg/g. Thermodynamic parameters of MR and MO adsorption using Mg/Cr LDH and Mg/Cr-oxalate indicate that the adsorption process is endothermic and spontaneous.