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The Influence of Man-Made Elements on the State of Soil Pollution and Ways to Improve Environmental Safety
 
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Russian State Geological Exploration University named after Sergo Ordzhonikidze (MGRI), 23 Miklukho-Maklaya St., Moscow, Russia
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Zinaida M. Nazarova   

Russian State Geological Exploration University named after Sergo Ordzhonikidze (MGRI), 23 Miklukho-Maklaya St., Moscow, Russia
Data publikacji: 01-05-2022
 
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2022; 3:215–220
 
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
DZIEDZINY
STRESZCZENIE
Research and analysis of environmental hazards is based on the study of individual factors presented in the paper. The first stage is the analysis of the state of environmental hazard of equipment and technological processes. Based on the knowledge accumulated by domestic and foreign researchers and based on their own research, a system of organizational and technical measures and technological solutions is being developed that will reduce the level of environmental danger. Soils are a system that is more complex than the water environment and air, so they should be considered separately with the appropriate study of physical and chemical processes. Heavy metals that come from electroplating and etching processes interact with the soil system, that is, with the components of the soil and with each other, which leads to mutations in the physico-chemical system, which is the soil. The soil is a significant accumulator and Depositor of heavy metals that come from chemical etching processes and other processes affecting substrates. Existing theoretical and practical studies and expert opinions have identified two areas of possible forms and consequences of combining heavy metals in soils – the formation of hard-to-dissolve compounds and its absorption by its components. Studies of scientists have shown that the accumulation of heavy metals passing through the atmosphere, soil, ground water, is created in plants, and then with the help of the food chain gets into the human body.