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APPLICATION OF GEOTEXTILES FOR THE STABILIZATION OF STEEP SLOPES IN GRAVEL PITS
Jan Broda 1  
,   Andrzej Gawłowski 1  
,   Joanna Grzybowska-Pietras 1  
,   Monika Rom 1  
,   Stanisława Przybyło 1  
,   Ryszard Laszczak 1  
 
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Instytut Inżynierii Tekstyliów i Materiałów Polimerowych, Akademia Techniczno-Humanistyczna w Bielsku-Białej, ul. Willowa 2, 43-309 Bielsko-Biała
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Jan Broda   

Instytut Inżynierii Tekstyliów i Materiałów Polimerowych, Akademia Techniczno-Humanistyczna w Bielsku-Białej, ul. Willowa 2, 43-309 Bielsko-Biała
Publication date: 2017-02-01
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2017; 1:71–77
 
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ABSTRACT
Innovative geotextiles formed from meandrically arranged ropes were used for the protection of the steep slope in the gravel pit Nieboczowy. The geotextiles from textile wastes were produced. Segments of geotextiles were mounted on the slope in winter. After installing for six months the slope condition was monitored. It was found that immediately after installation the geotextiles prevent the ground sliding. Ropes laterally arranged on the slope absorb significant amounts of water and create microdam system, which slow down a runoff. In spring the geotextiles accelerate the development of vegetation. Lush vegetation covering the entire surface of the slope supports the stabilizing effect of geotextiles. Geotextiles effectively protect the embankment against landslides and the consequences of surface erosion. Geotextiles can be successfully applied in the process of reclamation of disused gravel pits.