Evaluation of Optimal Conditions for the Application of Capillary Materials for the Purpose of Water Deironing
 
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1
National Technical University of Ukraine «Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute», Peremogy Avenu 37/4, 03056 Kyiv, Ukraine
2
Department of Metallurgical Technologies, State University of Economics and Technology, 5, Stepana Tilgi str., 50006, Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine
3
Department of Chemical Technology of Inorganic Substances, Metallurgical faculty, Dniprovsk State Technical University, st. Dniprobudivska 2, 51918, m. Kamianske, Ukraine
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Inna Trus   

National Technical University of Ukraine «Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute», Peremogy Avenu 37/4, 03056 Kyiv, Ukraine
Publication date: 2021-03-01
 
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2021; 2:1–7
 
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ABSTRACT
Iron is one of the most common components in water that adversely affect humans, other living organisms and parameters of water bodies. Therefore, during using and consuming natural waters, and discharging sewage into surface water bodies, it is necessary to remove iron compounds from the aquatic environment. The use of capillary materials in water purification processes is a promising area of research. Experimental data proved the high efficiency of capillary materials application, providing higher efficiency of iron ions removal from model solutions for real water sources of different origin compared with the traditional method of settling. The main advantage of the application of materials with capillary properties is the simplicity of implementation of the method and there is no need to use electricity and any additional reagents. The effect of various factors on the process of water deironing with the application of capillary materials was studied. It was found out that the density has a little effect on the process at an iron concentration range from 1 to 5 mg/dm3. The increase in competing ions content intensifies the process of divalent ferrous ions transition to trivalent. During the deironing of artesian water, the degree of iron removal exceeded 90 %, while the residual concentration was below the MPC.