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Influence of pre-sowing application of mineral fertilizers, root and foliar nutrition on productivity of winter tritical plants
 
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1
State Biotechnological University, street Alchevskikh, 44, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
2
National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Henerala Rodimtseva Str.19, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03041
3
Bila Tserkva National Agrarian University, Soborna Square 8/1, Bila Tserkva, Kyiv region Ukraine, 09110
4
Poltava State Agrarian University, street Scovorody, 1/3, Poltava, Ukraine, 36003
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Institute of Vegetables and Melons Growing, Institute of Vegetables and Melons growing, street Institutskaya, 1, Selectsiyne, Kharkiv region, Ukraine 62478
6
Plant Production Institute named after V.Ya. Yuriev, Heroes of Kharkiv Avenue, 142, Kharkiv, 61000
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Arthur Rozhkov   

State Biotechnological University, street Alchevskikh, 44, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
 
 
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ABSTRACT
The purpose of the research was to develop and scientifically substantiate the system of nutrition of winter triticale crops to optimize their production process and increase plant productivity in the Northern Steppe of Ukraine. The highest number of grains in the ear of the main and lateral stems of winter triticale was in the variants where foliar nutrition with a mixture of carbamide, magnesium sulfate and complex fertilizer Ferkrystal Summum during the 31st and 39th microphases and the variants where the third foliar nutrition during the 73-th microphase on the background of root application of ammonium nitrate at a dose of 150 kg/ha was conducted. In these variants, the number of grains in the ear on average over the years and variants for pre-sowing fertilization was 40.6 and 40.0 pieces, respectively, which is 11.2 and 11.5%, respectively, more than in the control. Carrying out three foliar nutrition with a mixture of carbamide, magnesium sulfate and complex fertilizer Fercrystal Summum on the background of root nutrition of ammonium nitrate during the 22nd microphase provided an increase in grain weight from the ear and lateral stems of winter triticale compared to the control (application of ammonium nitrate at the dose of 150 kg/ha on frozen thawed soil) by 0.24 and 0.23 g, respectively, or by 14.8 and 15.4%. The studied variants of pre-sowing application of mineral fertilizers significantly affected the parameters of productive plant stand (the number of plants and lateral productive stems), while nutrition provided significant changes in the parameters of grain productivity of winter triticale plants. On the basis of the researches, during winter triticale cultivation, the farms in the Northern Steppe of Ukraine are recommended to carry out pre-sowing application of ammophos (N12P52), to apply ammonium nitrate (N50) for roots in the 22nd microphase in spring and carry out two foliar nutrition in the 31st and 39th microphases with a mixture of carbamide (N10), hepatic magnesium sulfate (1.5 kg/ha) and complex water-soluble fertilizer Ferkrystal Summum.