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An Assessment of the Relevance of Locating the Exploitation of Raw Materials Quarries in a Framework of Sustainable Development: Use of the MACBETH Method Case of the Province of Settat
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1
Faculty of Science and Technology of Settat, Laboratory of Biochemistry, Neurosciences, Natural Resources and Environment, Hassan First University of Settat, Road to Casablanca Km 3.5, 26000, Settat, Morocco
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Laboratory of Modeling, Optimization of Industrial and Logistics Systems, National School of Applied Sciences, Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tetouan, Morocco
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Said Hattabi   

Faculty of Science and Technology of Settat, Laboratory of Biochemistry, Neurosciences, Natural Resources and Environment, Hassan First University of Settat, Road to Casablanca Km 3.5, 26000, Settat, Morocco
 
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2022; 4
 
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ABSTRACT
The positioning of the sites of the extraction of materials was based for decades, on the economic profit, (existence and abundance of the deposit, proximity of the basins of consumption) and the social aspect (number of jobs created), the environmental dimension was little or not taken into account. But because of the negative impacts of this industry more and more felt by the population, and in addition to awareness for the protection of the environment, decision-makers have been forced to rethink their decision-making policies. Thus, it has become necessary to adopt sustainable management of this sector, taking into account environmental, social and economic issues. In this context, our work proposed the mathematical method of decision-making MACBETH (Measuring Attractiveness by a Categorical Based Evaluation Technique). This approach is based on economic, social, and environmental criteria, which have been chosen concerning sustainable development issues. The selection of options reflects the geographical distribution as well as the typology of materials at the level of the study area. Then we evaluated the attractiveness of the options on each weighted criterion following the preferences presented by the decision-makers and finally their aggregation by the MACBETH tool. The implementation of this tool made it possible to evaluate the exploitation of existing quarries at the study area level and to predict the optimization of future locations.