FACTORS AFFECTING THE SORPTION PROPERTIES OF THE SURFACE LAYER OF SOILS DEVELOPED ON THE SLOPES OF THE NAREW RIVER VALLEY WITHIN THE PROTECTION ZONE OF THE NAREW NATIONAL PARK
 
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Katedra Ochrony i Kształtowania Środowiska, Wydział Budownictwa i Inżynierii Środowiska, Politechnika Białostocka, ul. Wiejska 45 A, 15-351 Białystok
Publication date: 2014-11-04
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2014; 40:183–195
 
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ABSTRACT
The aim of the study was to describe the sorption properties of the surface layer of soils formed in different parts of the slope. The study was carried out within the protection zone of the Narew National Park on 12 individual arable fields, located on the slopes of the valley of the Narew River. The surface layers of the studied soils are loamy sands and sandy loams. The pHH2O in these soils ranges from 4.83 to 7.85, and pHKCl ranges from 4.03 to 7.81. Sorption capacity of the surface layer of the studied soils is quite small, ranging from 4.19 to 20.10 cmol(+) kg-1. On gentle slopes composed of material weakly susceptible to erosion a major factor in moving soil material on the slope are agricultural practices, resulting in slight differences in physico-chemical properties and texture of the surface layers of soil in different slope position. However material at the foot of the slopes has lower pH and sorption capacity and higher hydrolytic acidity, which is associated mainly with higher soil moisture.