Formulation of Composite Materials Containing Tengiz Sulfur-Oil Production Waste
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M. Auezov South Kazakhstan State University, 160012, Shymkent, Kazakhstan
Perizat Zharylkassyn   

M. Auezov South Kazakhstan State University, 160012, Shymkent, Kazakhstan
Publication date: 2021-07-01
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2021; 4:66–73
The description of additional secondary semi-finished products, or sulfur wastes, which occur because of the work of the oil production and refining industries, which are the main economic sector of the country, is considered in the given article. The negative impact of their vast territory on the environment, flora and fauna and the local population are represented in literary and practical form. It is scientifically proved that storage of sulfur waste in the open by enterprises in this area causes irreparable damage to human life. The ways of using residues of oil production and refining sulfur as one of the main components of raw materials in the production of rubber products are studied. The results of the study of exemplary sulfur samples using modern physicochemical and electron-microscopic methods showed its applicability. Our research is conducted on the serial formulations of rubber compounds for lightweight tire filler cord of Tengiz sulfur and tire tread. The results of the study of the effect of Tengiz waste sulfur on the physicochemical and technical-operational properties of breaker and tread rubber are presented. Tengiz sulfur reduces the amount of sulfur in the formulation without reducing the rate of vulcanization, which eventually leads to an increase in the quality of the rubber. In addition, it was found that the use of Tengiz sulfur allows to regulate the elastic properties of rubber.