Green Nanofertilizers: the Need for Modern Agriculture, Intelligent, and Environmentally-Friendly Approaches
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Faculty of Science Yanbu, Taibah University, Yanbu El-Bahr 46423, Saudi Arabia
Faculty of Biology, Yerevan State University, Yerevan 0025, Armenia
Academy of Biology and Biotechnology, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia
Department of Genetics and Plant breeding, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
Department of Biotechnology, Parul Institute of Applied Science, Parul University, Vadodara, 391760, Gujarat, India
Department of Biological Sciences, Al Hussein Bin Talal University, P.O. Box 20, Ma’an, Jordan
Saint Peterburg State Chemical and Pharmaceutical University
Corresponding author
Abdel Rahman Mohammad Al Tawaha   

Department of Biological Sciences, Al Hussein Bin Talal University, P.O. Box 20, Ma’an
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2024; 1:1-21
The distinctive qualities and wide array of possible applications of nanotechnology have garnered considerable attention. Nanotechnology offers a groundbreaking way for expanding agricultural output that is also ecologically benign, helpful to living things, and economically priced—all without losing quality. There is a growing trend towards using eco-friendly technologies as substitutes for conventional agricultural inputs, such as fertilizers and insecticides. With the aid of nanotechnology, the confines of conventional farming techniques can be overcome. As a result, it becomes essential for investigators to devote their energies to the noteworthy nanoparticles (NPs) in agriculture investigations that have been distributed. It offered a fresh perspective on the development and application of nanoparticles as nano-fertilizers and nano-pesticides in agriculture and a way to heighten bio-factor execution. Furthermore, we discuss the relations of NPs with plants, the perils and putrefaction of nanomaterials in plants, and the utility of NPs in the reduction of stress triggered by heavy metal toxicity and abiotic factors. It is imperative that nano-fertilizers are practiced to reduce the environmental maltreatment caused by conventional, inorganic fertilizers. Nano-fertilizers are more sensitive and have the ability to penetrate the epidermis, empowering them to promote nutrient consumption efficiency while reducing nutrient overabundance. A study found that NPs may cause oxidative stress symptoms in higher plants if they adhere to cell surfaces or organelles. Understanding the benefits and drawbacks of using nano-fertilizers instead of conventional fertilizers is valuable, and it is the purpose of this book chapter to provide this information.
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