Impact of Passive Techniques on Thermal Behavior of Emergency Shelters
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
Department of Architecture, Al -Zaytoonah University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
Publication date: 2021-05-01
Corresponding author
Loai Dabbour   

Department of Architecture, Al -Zaytoonah University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2021; 3:112-119
Due to emergency situations, many people are living under degraded conditions as displaced persons and refugees. Unfortunately, shelters commonly used in humanitarian context do not ensure comfortable conditions for their occupants. This study investigates the impact of utilizing passive climatization techniques on the indoor thermal comfort of the occupants in refugee settlements under Jordan’s climate using the Design Builder software. Several passive techniques were simulated, including orientation, floor, wall and roof insulation, and natural ventilation. The simulation results indicated that the thermal comfort has improved when using the aforementioned techniques by 9.72% offering 23% comfort hours throughout the year.
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