Influence of Rod-Shaped Millet (Panicum virgatum L.) Seeds Storage Conditions on its Quality
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Institute of Bioenergy Crops and Sugar Beets of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences 25 Klinichna Str., Kyiv 03110, Ukraine
Bila Tserkva National Agrarian University 8/1 Soborna Square, Bila Tserkva, Kyiv region, 09110, Ukraine
Uman National University of Horticulture 1 Instytutska Str., Uman, Cherkasy region, 20300, Ukraine
Uman State Pedagogical School named after Pavel Tychyna of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine 2 Sadova Str., Uman, Cherkasy region, 20300, Ukraine
Ukrainian Institute of Expertise of Plant Varieties 15 Generala Rodymtseva Str., Kyiv, 03041, Ukraine
These authors had equal contribution to this work
Corresponding author
Lesia Karpuk   

Bila Tserkva National Agrarian University 8/1 Soborna Square, Bila Tserkva, Kyiv region, Ukraine
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2024; 7:291-297
Partial replacement of traditional types of fuel, which in the world and in Ukraine, is possible with the use of biomass of plant origin. A perennial cereal plant called switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is promising for the production of biofuel, the seeds of which are characterized by a high biological dormancy, which leads to a significant decrease in its germination. Therefore, it is urgent to conduct a study to reduce this state of dormancy, which will ensure an increase in seed germination and contribute to the widespread introduction of the culture into production. Laboratory and mathematical and statistical methods were used in the research. Dormancy can be broken in various ways, but most of them are based on the creation of stressful conditions during the period of seed germination or before its germination. One of the ways to reduce dormancy is the term and conditions in which the seed is located. In order to find out the effect of conditions and storage time on seed quality, a three-factor experiment was conducted in which two varieties of switchgrass of different maturity groups were stored for 364 days under different conditions that are possible when sowing seeds in the field - variable temperatures and humidity, the time of seed storage in such conditions. It has been found that the conditions of seed storage – temperature, humidity and terms, especially their complex interaction, probably affect the improvement of its quality. At a seed moisture content of 9 % and 24-26 % at an air temperature of 18-20 0С, during storage for 180 days, a probable increase in the energy of germination of the Cave-in-Rock variety sample by 11-20 %, germination – by 13-21 %, of the Dakota variety sample, respectively – by 22-19 % and 24-31 %. Researching the causes of dormancy and developing ways to reduce it and increase seed germination will contribute to the introduction of switchgrass from the cultivation of bio-raw materials for the production of biofuel, which has scientific and practical significance.
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