Insights of Concentrated Solar Power Utilization: Possible Deployment in Jordan
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Department of Renewable Energy Engineering, Middle East University, Amman 11831, Jordan
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Samer As'ad   

Department of Renewable Energy Engineering, Middle East University, Amman 11831, Jordan
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2024; 1:152-163
Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) is a promising form of renewable energy that harnesses the immense power of the sun to generate electricity. It employs various mechanisms to concentrate sunlight onto a receiver, thereby producing high-temperature heat. This heat can be stored and converted into electricity through conventional steam turbines or for other heating applications. One of CSP's key advantages is its ability to store thermal energy for use during cloudy periods or at night, enhancing the reliability and dispatchability of solar power. This review article offers a comprehensive introduction to CSP including its principles, technological advancements, comparison analysis, and its potential to play a crucial role in the transition to a sustainable toward carbon neutral energy future. Various statistical charts on the operational CSP plants around the world have been presented in this review and showed that there is a notable interest in the MENA region for considering this technology in their energy mix. Jordan is part of the MENA region, therefore, possible deployment of this technology in the kingdom of Jordan has assessed as well by studying the solar radiation measurements in the southern location of the country. Analysis has concluded that Ma’an governorate has the highest solar irradiance characteristics in the country and has the lowest values of diffuse irradiance. The annual average daily global irradiance is between 3.7 kWh/m² in January to 8.5 kWh/m² in June, equivalent to annual global radiation of more than 2200 kWh/m². The results have been validated using Global Solar Atlas and enerMENA high precision meteorological station installed in Ma’an. The costs and current challenges faced by this technology will also be discussed.
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