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Selected Quality Indicators of Surface Waters of the Czestochowa City and Neighbouring Municipalities
 
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Jan Dlugosz University in Czestochowa, Faculty of Exact, Natural & Technical Sciences, ul. Armii Krajowej 13/15, 42-200 Czestochowa, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Joanna Kończyk   

Jan Dlugosz University in Czestochowa Faculty of Exact, Natural & Technical Sciences, 13/15 Armii Krajowej Str., 42-200 Czestochowa
Publication date: 2021-01-05
 
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2021; 1:100–108
 
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ABSTRACT
The surface water quality significantly affects the purity level of groundwater drawn for the municipal purposes. The pollution presence in surface waters is fundamentally the effect of the anthropogenic activity in a particular area while the type and volume of pollution depend closely on the intensity of any such activity. The paper presents the results of types of selected quality indicators of surface waters, i.e. pH, electrical conductivity and heavy metal concentration: Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Cd, Ni, Pb and Cr in the surface waters collected from the city of Czestochowa and neighbouring municipalities – the locations of water intakes and deep wells operated by the Water Supply and Sewerage Joint Stock Company of the Czestochowa District in order to provide the citizens with potable water. The findings of analyses of water collected every month in the period from January to September 2020 in 9 points were the basis for an observation of a time and space variability of the values of the quality parameters studied, which is evident of a diversified impact of the surroundings on water environment in consecutive research months. The potential water pollution sources were also indicated.