The Technical and Economic Feasibility for the Production of Cellulose from Non-Wood – Agricultural Residues
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Department of Ecology and Technology of Plant Polymers, Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, Peremogy Avenu 37/4, 03056 Kyiv, Ukraine
Laboratory of Kinetics and Mechanisms of Chemical Transformations on the Surface of Solids, Chuiko Institute of Surface Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, General Naumov St. 17, 03164 Kyiv, Ukraine
Vita Halysh   

National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Peremogy Avenu 37/4, 03056 Kyiv, Ukraine
Publication date: 2022-11-01
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2022; 6:99–103
The paper is presented results of the technical and economical evaluation of the production of cellulose for the solving the problem of utilization of agricultural residues of lignocellulosic nature. Non-wood was used in this work for pulping. Treatment was proposed to carry out with the application of peracetic acid. Such method allows to obtain cellulose, lignin, furfural and xylose. Spent peracetic solution can be used to precipitate lignin and for regeneration of acetic acid and to recover furfural and xylose. A technological scheme for the processing of plant raw materials by this method has been developed. Economic efficiency was calculated. The sale of by-products can provide additional financial benefit. Such an approach in the processing of significant volumes of agricultural waste is effective from an economic point of view, as well as from an environmental point of view, as it allows to reduce the negative impact on the environment and to ensure its protection.