CONTENT OF HEAVY METALS IN SOIL AND PLANTS FROM AN AREA BORZĘCIN MUNICIPALITY (MALOPOLSKA PROVINCE)
Tomasz Czech 1  
,   Agnieszka Baran 1  
,   Jerzy Wieczorek 1
 
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Katedra Chemii Rolnej i Środowiskowej, Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. H. Kołłątaja w Krakowie, al. Mickiewicza 21, 31-129 Kraków
Publication date: 2014-10-17
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2014; 37:89–98
 
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ABSTRACT
The research aimed to assess the content of heavy metals in soils and plants as an indicator of human pressure in a typically agriculture area. The research was conducted in northern part of Brzesko district on Borzęcin municipality (Malopolska province). In total 15 points were set. At those points, soil samples were collected from the levels of 0–10 cm and 40–50 cm. Contents of heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni, Mn, Fe) in soil and plant samples were determined using a Perkin-Elmer model Optima 7300 DV inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrophotometer (ICP-AES). In the studies was found low and average degree of soil pollution with metals. The obtained results indicate a positive significant correlation between Fe and other metals which confirms their natural origin. In the mono- and dicotyledonous plants collected from 6 sampling points a high Zn and Cd contents were showed, which eliminates their feed usefulness. These plants should be used only for industrial purposes. Assessing the bioaccumulation coefficients of metals in plants average accumulation (WB 0.1–1) of lead, chromium, nickel, copper and high accumulation of zinc and cadmium were found.