Experimental Investigation on Free Convective Heat Transfer Performance of Oxide Nanofluids Along a Vertical Cylinder
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, GMR Institute of Technology, India
Department of Mechanical Engineering, RGUKT, Nuzvid, India
Department of Mechanical Engineering, ANU, Guntur, India
S. Ravi Babu   

Department of Mechanical Engineering, GMR Institute of Technology, India
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2023; 5
The multi criterion decision making (MCDM) method and experimental investigation on free convective heat transfer performance of oxide-based water nanofluids along a vertical cylinder are the two methods used to compare the performance in this paper. Al2O3, CuO, TiO2, SiO2, Fe3O4, and ZnO were the metal oxide nanoparticles used in the study to make water-based metal oxide nanofluids with volume fractions ranging from 0% to 1%. Two step method was used to create nanofluids. Thermo-physical properties like density, specific heat, viscosity, and thermal conductivity were measured after the various nanofluids were synthesized. Then, the performance of each nanofluid was evaluated based on various attributes using the weighted sum model (WSM) method, and the ranking of nanofluids was given. To begin, water served as the medium for free convection heat transfer experiments to validate the experimental setup. Free convection heat transfer experiments were carried out using metal oxide-based water nanofluids as mediums at volume fractions ranging from 0% to 1% for various heat inputs in the range of 30 W and 50 W. The heat transfer coefficient augments with percentage volume concentration up to 0.1 % for all types of nanofluids and then decreases until it reaches 0.6 % volume fraction. Al2O3-water nanofluid performs better than other metal oxide nanofluids in both WSM and experimental methods.