Andrzej Krupa 1  
,   Anatol Jaworek 1  
,   Artur Marchewicz 1  
,   Arkadiusz Sobczyk 1  
,   Tadeusz Czech 1  
,   Michał Szudyga 2  
,   Andrzej Ottawa 2  
,   Teresa Antes 2  
,   Łukasz Śliwiński 2  
,   Adam Charchalis 3  
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Instytut Maszyn Przepływowych im. Roberta Szewalskiego, ul. Fiszera 14, 80-213 Gdańsk
RAFAKO S.A., Zakład Instalacji Odpylania Spalin, Górnośląska 3A, 43-200 Pszczyna
Akademia Morska w Gdyni, WydziałMechaniczny, ul. Morska 81-87, 81-225 Gdynia
Andrzej Krupa   

Instytut Maszyn Przepływowych im. Roberta Szewalskiego, ul. Fiszera 14, 80-213 Gdańsk
Publication date: 2017-04-01
Inż. Ekolog. 2017; 2:66–74
The aim of the study was to develop a device for more effective treatment of flue gases from submicron particles emitted by power plants burning bituminous coal and by this way the reduction of environment pollution. Electrostatic processes were employed to this goal, as the most effective solution. The solutions hitherto applied in electrostatic precipitation techniques were designed for large particles, typically with sizes> 5 µm, which are easily removed by the action of electrostatic force on the electrically charged particles. In submicron size range (0.1-1 µm) the collection efficiency of an ESP is minimal, because of the low value of electric charge on such particles. In order to avoid problems with the removal of submicron particles of fly ash from the flue gases electrostatic agglomeration has been used. In this process, by applying an alternating electric field, larger charged particles (> 1 µm) oscillate, and the particles "collect" smaller uncharged particles. In the developed agglomerator with alternating electric field, the charging of particles and the coagulation takes place in one stage that greatly simplified the construction of the device, compared to other solutions. The scope of this study included measurements of fractional collection efficiency of particles in the system comprising of agglomerator and ESP for PM1 and PM2.5 ranges, in device made in pilot scale. The collection efficiency for PM2.5 was greater than 90% and PM1 slightly dropped below 90%. The mass collection efficiency for PM2.5 was greater than 95%. The agglomerator stage increases the collection efficiency for PM1 at a level of 5-10%.