Potential of Production of Energy Crops in Ukraine and their Processing on Solid Biofuels
Grigoriy Kaletnik 1  
,   Natalia Pryshliak 1  
,   Dina Tokarchuk 1  
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Department of Management and Law, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, 3 Sonyachna Str., Vunnytsia, 21008, Ukraine
Natalia Pryshliak   

Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, 3 Sonyachna Str, Vunnytsia, 21008, Ukraine
Publication date: 2021-05-01
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2021; 3:59–70
Renewable energy sources in Ukraine account for only 4% of the total energy consumption today. At the same time, Ukraine has favorable climatic conditions and fertile soils, as well as areas of agricultural land, which make it possible to meet the demand for food products both for domestic consumption and for export. The tendencies towards the depletion of traditional fuels and their rise in price determine the diversification of the fuel and energy sector and the search for reserves for the production of their own environmentally friendly energy. The paper describes the characteristics of energy crops for biofuel production. The advantages of growing bioenergy crops were presented. The characteristics of energy crops in relation to growing conditions were determined. Ukraine has a great potential for growing the most popular energy crops: miscanthus, switchgrass, energy willow, poplar without endangering food security but this potential has not been realized yet.