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Research of Some Varieties of Spring Barley (Hordeum vulgare), EU Region, Redimenets in the Agroecological Conditions of Kosovo
 
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Faculty of Agribusiness, University “Haxhi Zeka”, Peja 30000, Kosovo
2
Faculty of Management in Tourism, Hospitality, and Environment, University “Haxhi Zeka”, Peja 30000, Kosovo
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Ibrahim Hoxha   

Faculty of Agribusiness, University “Haxhi Zeka”, Peja 30000, Kosovo
 
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2023; 3
 
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ABSTRACT
The object of the study are 6 varieties of spring barley from the region and the EU: Tunika, Ortega, Josefina, Astor, Jaran Askona. The plots where parameters for two different agro-climatic areas and pedological differences are researched are: Dukagjini field in Pejë. The research of the Agricultural Institute of Kosovo and the Kosovo Plain, as in Pestovo, which is privately owned land, in Kosovo. Barley is a strategic crop which is planted every year on an area of 5000-10000 ha. The average yield realized during the last years is about 2.5 t/ha. The agroclimatic and pedological data of Kosovo, compared to the yields obtained in barley culture, show that the genetic potential of barley production is great. Kosovo has an area of 1.1 million ha, of which 53 percent is under cultivation, 41 percent from forests. About 88% of agricultural land is privately owned, while the rest is owned by social enterprises. Of the 577,000 ha of agricultural land, about 300,000 ha are planted with agricultural crops. Cereals are cultivated on 44% of the surface, of which wheat 45%, corn 44%, oats 8%, barley 3% and rye less than 1%.