Solid Waste Management as Part of Sustainable Development of Lviv (Ukraine)
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Institute of Civil Protection, Lviv State University of Life Safety, Kleparivska Str. 35, Lviv, 79007, Ukraine
Viacheslav Chornovil Institute of Sustainable Development, Lviv Polytechnic National University, S. Bandera Str. 12, Lviv, 79013, Ukraine
Lviv Department of the National Ecological Center of Ukraine, O. Kobylanskoi Str. 1, Lviv, 79005, Ukraine
Vasyl Popovych   

Institute of Civil Protection, Lviv State University of Life Safety, Kleparivska Str. 35, Lviv, 79007, Ukraine
Publication date: 2021-09-01
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2021; 5:12–17
Sustainable development includes the process of processing and recycling of solid waste. In Ukraine, a system of accumulation of solid waste without pre-processing in landfills has been formed. As a result, anthropogenically devastated landscapes have appeared in the country, causing environmental hazard. Especially in Lviv, as well as in most cities of Ukraine, there is no waste processing plant. Non-recyclable solid waste is mostly transported to landfills throughout the region, as the Lviv municipal landfill has exhausted its resources and is in unsatisfactory ecological and sanitary condition. The presented research presents the requirements for custom vehicles that transport household and hazardous waste at the "entrance" and "exit" of the environmental logistics system. It is established that at the Lviv landfill and in its impact zone due to the devastation processes three types of edaphotopes were formed: natural, which are not physically disturbed, but contaminated with filtrates; anthropogenic, which are disturbed by construction equipment and contaminated with pollutants due to the formation of the body of the landfill; bulk, which were formed due to the import of fertile soils in order to implement the mining stage of reclamation. The obtained data show that the filtrates penetrate into groundwater and surface water, changing the reaction of the substrate environment, thereby increasing the level of environmental danger in the region. The main method of landfills decommissioning is the biological stage of recultivation, namely – vegetative reclamation.