Performance of Soft Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under Two Management Systems ‘No-Till' and 'Conventional’ in a Low Rainfall Semi-Arid Mediterranean Area of Morocco
More details
Hide details
Falculty of Sciences Ben M'sick, Hassan II University of Casablanca, Av Driss El Harti Sidi Othmane Casablanca, Morocco
INRA Morocco, Department of Agronomy, University Polytechnic, PO BOX: 844 Settat, Morocco
Corresponding author
Mohamed Amine El Mzouri   

Falculty of Sciences Ben M'sick, Hassan II University of Casablanca, Av Driss El Harti Sidi Othmane Casablanca, Morocco
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2023; 8:172-180
The objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of soft wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in farmers’ fields under No-till farming compared to conventional farming with two management practices: ‘Research recommended’ vs ‘Local farmers’ practices. The study was conducted over a period of three cropping seasons in the Chaouia plain in Western Morocco, a Mediterranean semi-arid area with low rainfall. Trials were set up in a split-plot design with two factors: Factor 1: Management method (2) (No-till vs. Conventional) and Factor 2: Practices (2): Research recommended vs. Farmers' local practices, with four replications and were carried out at four farmers’ fields (sites). Data collected included: stand density, canopy height, average number of tillers per plant, number of spikes per plant, biological yield, grain yield and harvest index. The results obtained show a significant effect of climatic years on the measured parameters. No-till system significantly improved yield components, canopy height, biological yield, and grain yield, particularly in dry years. No-till as practiced by farmers (C2) improved biological and grain yields, respectively, by 18 and 42% compared with farmers' current local practices (C1). These gains were, respectively, 83% and 142%, for the research recommended package under No-till, those of the research recommended package under conventional management (without direct seeding), were 61% and 81% for the biological and the grain yields, respectively. The harvest index increased from 27% under the current conventional farmers’ local management (C1), to 31% with the research recommended package under the same management mode. Under No-till management, this index increased to 33% with local practices (C2) and 36% with the research recommended packages. No-till system can be a adaptative and resilient practice for wheat cultivation in the low rain fall semi-arid areas impacted by climate change, but farmers should consider the adoption of the whole No-till system, rather than limiting themselves solely to the zero-till seeder technique.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top