EFFECT OF SELENIUM AND FLUORIDE ON PHOSHATASE ACTIVITIES IN SANDY SOIL
 
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Katedra Fizjologii Roślin i Biochemii, Zachodniopomorski Uniwersytet Technologiczny w Szczecinie, ul. Słowackiego 17, 71-434 Szczecin
Publication date: 2015-07-25
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2015; 43:109–114
 
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ABSTRACT
The aim of the study was to determine the impact of fluoride and selenium (in two oxidation states IV and VI), introduced separately and in a mixture on soil phosphatase activity soil. The experiment was carried out in laboratory conditions on loamy sand samples with organic carbon content 8.7 g/kg. Various combinations of fluoride (10 mmol kg) and selenium (0.05 mmol/kg) were added into soil samples. Over a period of 28 days, at weekly intervals. Alkaline phosphatase and acid phosphatase activities were determined by spectrophotometry. Based on the obtained results, the resistance index (RS) for enzymes was calculated. It was found that the addition of fluoride and selenium into the soil resulted in a statistically significant decrease of assayedenzyme activities. Alkaline phosphatase activity was more sensitive to the presence of fluoride and selenium in the soil than acid phosphatase. The values of RS were lowest for alkaline phosphatase in soil treated with fluoride and selenium in the oxidation state IV, and for acid phosphatase in soil treated with fluoride and selenium in the oxidation state VI.