Integrated Geomatics and Remote Sensing Analysis of Forest Fire Propagation and Land Cover Change in Berkane, Morocco
Geophysics and Natural Hazards Laboratory, GEOPAC Research Center, Scientific Institute, Mohammed V University in Rabat.
Majal Berkane., N 2, Siége Social de la SDL Majal Berkane, Route Oujda, Berkane 63300, Morocco
GREPOM/BirdLife Morocco, 11160, Salé, Morocco
Autor do korespondencji
Badr Ben Hichou   

Geophysics and Natural Hazards Laboratory, GEOPAC Research Center, Scientific Institute, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Morocco
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2023; 9:347-357
By combining geomatics techniques and remote sensing data, this paper gives a thorough investigation of the forest fires that occurred close to Berkane, Morocco, from July 16 to July 18, 2023. The goals of the study included spatiotemporally tracking the propagation of active forest fires during the fire season, and to accurately map the burned area and detect changes in vegetation cover caused by the fire. A detailed fire severity mapping of the impact of the fire on the forest was made by this integrated approach. We used remote sensing data from various sources, including NASA FIRMS data for the fire period and Sentinel-2 satellite imagery acquired two days before and one day after the fire, to accomplish these goals. In terms of estimating the burned area, our study produced important findings. We were able to estimate 3508.12 hectares, 3517.98 hectares, and 3113.63 hectares using satellite imagery with dNBR, dNDVI, and supervised classification, respectively. These results offer considerable potential for directing post-fire management plans and preserving this critically important forest area. The integration of FIRMS data, Sentinel-2 images, and GIS in our research highlights the need of using this coordinated strategy to conduct an accurate and thorough evaluation of forest fires in the area. In addition to improving our understanding of forest fire dynamics, this study emphasizes the value of using cutting-edge geospatial and remote sensing techniques in attempts to manage wildfires and save the environment. The findings of this study will contribute significantly to guiding post-fire management strategies, thus promoting the conservation of the vital forest area.
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