PL EN
Techno-Economic Feasibility for Water Purification from Copper Ions
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
National Technical University of Ukraine «Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute», Peremogy Avenu 37/4, 03056 Kyiv, Ukraine
2
Department of Chemical Technology of Inorganic Substances, Metallurgical faculty, Dniprovsk State Technical University, st. Dniprobudivska 2, 51918, m. Kamianske, Ukraine
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Inna Trus   

National Technical University of Ukraine «Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute», Peremogy Avenu 37/4, 03056 Kyiv, Ukraine
Data publikacji: 01-05-2021
 
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2021; 3:27–34
 
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
DZIEDZINY
STRESZCZENIE
The main direction of the industrial development of Ukraine is the solving of the environmental pollution problems under the conditions of preservation of natural resources through complex use of raw materials with involvement of industrial wastes. The developed technology is intended for galvanic, accumulator, machine-building, mine and other enterprises, the wastewater from which contains ions of heavy metals. Heavy metal ions are extremely dangerous toxic substances because of a cumulative effect on aquatic organisms. In order to remove copper ions from aqueous solutions, the chemical precipitation with lime is used. The choice of reagent is associated with its cheapness. The most effective reagent precipitation of copper ions in the form of hydroxide occurs when the pH is raised to 10. In this work, the influence of sludge, which is formed as a result of water purification from copper ions, on the properties of cement was investigated. The effect was evaluated on the following properties: normal density of cement, hardening time, compressive strength at the age of 2 and 28 days and water separation coefficient. This allowed us to develop effective ways to their disposal. The developed method provides: a high degree of metal removal (up to 98-99%); simplicity of technological process; small capital and operating costs; complex technology of wastewater treatment process. Thus, the results of the study will contribute to the creation of low-waste and non-waste technologies for waste processing and disposal.