PL EN
Technology of Utilization of Polypropylene Waste and Wastewater Sediments by Production of Building Blocks
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
Department of Life Safety, Physical and Technical Faculty, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Haharin Avenu, 72, 49010, Dnipro, Ukraine
2
Department of Ecology and Technology of Plant Polymers, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Ukraine, Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, Peremogy Avenu 37/4, 03056 Kyiv, Ukraine
3
Mechatronics Department, Physical and Technical Faculty, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Haharin Avenu, 72, 49010, Dnipro, Ukraine
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Inna Trus   

Department of Ecology and Technology of Plant Polymers, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Ukraine, Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, Peremogy Avenu 37/4, 03056 Kyiv, Ukraine
Data publikacji: 01-03-2022
 
Ecol. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2022; 2:50–59
 
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
DZIEDZINY
STRESZCZENIE
Plastic waste and wastewater sediment stored on sludge lagoons are generated in almost every city in Ukraine, respectively, the issue of their disposal is an urgent issue nowadays. The paper shows the ways of utilization of polypropylene as one of the most widely used thermoplastics in everyday life, as well as the problem of formation and storage of wastewater sediments. The proposed technological scheme of complex processing of the resulted waste by production of building blocks is based on the property of polypropylene as a thermoplastic to soften and melt at above 1600C, while exhibiting adhesive properties to a number of materials. For the implementation of technological solutions for manufacturing of construction products, adhesion properties of polypropylene to wastewater sediments were substantiated, heating modes of the raw material mixture of wastewater sediments and polypropylene waste were specified, and the ratio of raw materials in the mixture for thermal treatment was determined. The samples of building blocks with a mass content of wastewater sediment from 5 to 95% (dry weight sediments) were made in the laboratory. In these samples, the polypropylene content was reduced from 95 to 5%, respectively. It was experimentally determined that for samples of construction materials with a mass content of wastewater sediment 40-50 % (dry weight) a uniform distribution of raw materials was observed, that would ensure their high strength. The comparison of the qualitative characteristics of the samples of building blocks with the regulatory requirements for construction products revealed that the experimental samples met the current requirements and were not inferior to analogues from traditional raw materials. However, construction materials made from waste are recommended for application in building of industrial warehouses and storage facilities, non-food storage chambers, garages or other structures that do not provide permanent storage of food or living place for humans or animal.